Send Data to Google Analytics with Measurement Protocol and Google Apps Script

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Published in: Google Apps Script - Google Analytics

This example shows how to send data to Google Analytics using the Measurement protocol.

The event data is sent via POST because it allows for a larger payload. The parameter z is set with a random number for cache busting. We can set the hit type (t) to either pageview, event or exception.

// Credit: @guimspace
function GoogleAnalytics_(t, param1, param2) {

    try {
        var meta = [];

        meta.push(
            ['v', '1'],
            ['tid', 'UA-XXXXXXXX-1'],
            ['cid', uuid_()],
            ['z', Math.floor(Math.random() * 10E7)],
            ['t', t]
        );

        if (t == 'event') {
            meta.push(['ec', param1], ['ea', param2]);
        } else if (t == 'exception') {
            meta.push(['dt', param1], ['exd', param2]);
        } else throw 101;

        var payload = meta.map(function (el) {
            return el.join('=');
        }).join('&');

        var options = {
            'method': 'post',
            'payload': payload
        };

        UrlFetchApp.fetch('https://ssl.google-analytics.com/collect', options);

    } catch (e) {}

    return;
}

/* Generates a random UUID to anonymously identify the client */
function uuid_() {
    return 'xxxxxxxx-xxxx-4xxx-yxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx'.replace(/[xy]/g, function (c) {
        var r = Math.random() * 16 | 0,
            v = c == 'x' ? r : (r & 0x3 | 0x8);
        return v.toString(16);
    });
}
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Published in: Google Apps Script - Google Analytics

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Amit Agarwal

Amit Agarwal is a Google Developer Expert in Google Workspace and Google Apps Script. He holds an engineering degree in Computer Science (I.I.T.) and is the first professional blogger in India. He is the developer of Mail Merge for Gmail and Document Studio. Read more on Lifehacker and YourStory

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