Send Google Document as HTML via Gmail

Published in: Gmail - Google Apps Script - Google Drive

The Google Script extracts the content of a Google Documents, converts the styles as inline CSS using the MailChimp API and send the document via Gmail as HTML Mail.

Sends an email using the contents of a Google Document as the body.

function sendDocument(documentId, recipient, subject) {
  var html = convertToHtml(documentId);
  html = inlineCss(html);
  GmailApp.sendEmail(recipient, subject, null, {
    htmlBody: html

Converts a file to HTML.

The Advanced Drive service must be enabled to use this function.

function convertToHtml(fileId) {
  var file = Drive.Files.get(fileId);
  var htmlExportLink = file.exportLinks['text/html'];
  if (!htmlExportLink) {
    throw 'File cannot be converted to HTML.';
  var oAuthToken = ScriptApp.getOAuthToken();
  var response = UrlFetchApp.fetch(htmlExportLink, {
      'Authorization': 'Bearer ' + oAuthToken
    muteHttpExceptions: true
  if (!response.getResponseCode() == 200) {
    throw 'Error converting to HTML: ' + response.getContentText();
  return response.getContentText();

Inlines CSS within an HTML file using the MailChimp API.

To use the API you must register for an account and then copy your API key into the script property “mailchimp.apikey”.

function inlineCss(html) {
  var apikey = CacheService.getPublicCache().get('mailchimp.apikey');
  if (!apikey) {
    apikey = PropertiesService.getScriptProperties().getProperty('mailchimp.apikey');
    CacheService.getPublicCache().put('mailchimp.apikey', apikey);
  var datacenter = apikey.split('-')[1];
  var url = Utilities.formatString('', datacenter);
  var response = UrlFetchApp.fetch(url, {
    method: 'post',
    payload: {
      apikey: apikey,
      html: html,
      strip_css: true
  var output = JSON.parse(response.getContentText());
  if (!response.getResponseCode() == 200) {
    throw 'Error inlining CSS: ' + output['error'];
  return output['html'];
Published in: Gmail - Google Apps Script - Google Drive

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Meet the Author

Web Geek, Google Developer Expert
Amit Agarwal

Amit Agarwal is a Google Developer Expert in Google Workspace and Google Apps Script. He holds an engineering degree in Computer Science (I.I.T.) and is the first professional blogger in India. He is the developer of Mail Merge for Gmail and Document Studio. Read more on Lifehacker and YourStory

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